The use of functional appliances in early orthodontics treatment for children in Mississauga
A straight smile is not only important for
Some signs that your child may need early orthodontic intervention:
- Loss of baby teeth at an early or late age. (Most children begin losing their teeth around 5 years old and will have all of their permanent teeth by 12 or 13)
- Biting and chewing problems
- Extended thumb sucking (past the age of 5 or 6).
- Speech impediments
- Teeth that protrude or stick out away from each other
- Teeth that do not line up when the mouth is closed
- Overcrowding of front teeth
Determining what type of orthodontic appliance a child will
need can be done during an evaluation. One of the most commonly
corrected issues with early orthodontic treatment is the growth of the
jaw. Appliances can help halt disproportional growth by redirecting the
growth of the upper and lower jaw. This helps develop a skeletal balance
and allows teeth to fit together correctly. In addition, it can also
improve the shape and aesthetics of the face. This type of treatment is
best done for children around age 8. During the early teen years, the
jawbone begins to harden and stop growing. This occurs around 13.5 years
old for girls and 14.5 years old for boys. At this point, orthodontic
treatment will take longer to work and may involve extraction or
For children with mild crowding or orthodontic issues, treatment may be best once the majority of permanent teeth have erupted.
We recommend that all children receive orthodontic evaluations by the age of 7 years old to determine if any problems are present and the appropriate time to begin treatment.